- Erythematous [er″ĭ-them´ah-tus]—Simply means red. Often used in the context of describing something on the skin.
- Lesion [lē’zhŭn]—A change in the body’s tissue from baseline normal, usually referring to a wound, injury, tumor, etc.
- Acute—Comes on suddenly and lasts a short time (it’s the opposite of chronic).
- Benign—Not causing death or serious injury, not cancerous. Sometimes used in other contexts to imply, “nothing to worry about.” (It’s the opposite of malignant, which is cancerous).
- Febrile—Having a fever (by pediatric standards, greater than 100.4 F/38 C).
- Inflammation—The process the body goes through to try and fix itself (usually resulting from infection or trauma). Something is inflamed if it is hot, red, swollen, painful.
- Fracture—Break of a bone.
- Apnea—Stopping breathing.
- Cardiac—Relating to the heart
- Congenital—Born with
- Rhine—Means nose
- “-itis”—Means inflammation
- Derm—Means skin
- “—ologist”—Means the person who has knowledge of particular kind of science (often used to distinguish a medical specialist)
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